playing doctor

What to do when you catch your child ‘playing doctor’

  • last year

Playing doctor (having a look at your playmate’s genitals or private parts) is something that most kids do when they’re little.  Sometimes you catch them and sometimes you don’t.

So what should you do when you walk in and catch your young child in the act of playing doctor?

Why do kids do this ‘playing doctor’ thing?

Before we even think about what to do, we need to look at why kids do this ‘playing doctor’ thing where they have to look at their playmates genitals.

This is something that usually happens sometime between the ages of 3 to 6 years.

The reason that children do it, is because of curiosity. They have already worked out that there are differences between males and females, in regards to how we look on the outside. They make assumptions based on what they see ie daddy might have short hair and a beard and mummy might have long hair and wear dresses. But what about when mummy has short hair and daddy has long hair? So they then become curious and want to know if there are other ways to tell the difference. So when playing, it is quite natural for them to be curious about whether their playmate is different. So they will have a look at their playmates genitals and/or show them theirs as well.

So playing doctor, is an age-appropriate behaviour that children will do.

Should you ever worry?

Nine times out of ten, it is a normal thing that kids just do.  But sometimes it isn’t.

So how do you know when playing doctor’ is normal?

Normal is when kids are looking because they are curious. They:

  • will be of a similar age (+/- 2 years)
  • it will be with someone that they know
  • they will have both agreed to ie no forcing
  • it will be spontaneous
  • it will happen infrequently ie not every time
  • may keep it a secret as they usually anticipate that they may ‘get in trouble.

If you’re still not sure, then this app can help you to work out whether the type of  ‘playing doctor’ that they are up to, is normal or not.

What to do when you find them playing doctor?

It is 100% natural if your first instinct is to shout at them and tell them to put their clothes back on! And you’re not alone if this is what you have done in the past! Walking in on your child inspecting their friend’s genitals (or vice versa) can be pretty confronting!

So what should you do when you catch them?

First of all, take a deep breath.  Don’t panic and don’t get angry. They are just being curious.

Next you need to distract them with another activity. Try saying something like,  ‘How about we go and have something to eat’ or ‘Let’s go outside and jump on the trampoline’. Try to say it in your everyday voice, without sounding angry! Keep them in a space where you can keep a closer eye on what they are up to.

Then once the other child has gone home, talk about what happened with your child. By then, you will have calmed down, had time to read this article again, and you’ll be ready to talk about it.

What to say to the parent of the other child?

So what do you do when the parent of the other child turns up? Do you tell them what happened or do you just keep quiet?

That is up to you. You do what you are comfortable with. But try putting yourself in their shoes for a moment. Would you want to know about it? If it happened whilst your child was playing at their friend’s house?

If you do decide to talk to the other parent about it, you could casually mention what happened. For example ‘Well the kids had fun playing today. They decided to play doctor and I walked in on them doing a pelvic examination on each other. I got the biggest shock in my life.’ 

Not all parents will understand that ‘playing doctor’ is a normal age-appropriate activity that kids will do, so you will also need to let them know that it all appeared to be innocent. And that  you both might need to keep a close eye on them, for the next few play sessions that they have together. For example ‘I know that this is what they do at this age and it did look innocent but it still gave me a shock. We might have to keep a close eye on them, the next few times that they play together.’

Be open, honest, and matter-of-fact. Don’t try to assign blame or worry about upsetting your adult friendships. As hard as it can be!

What to talk about with your child

It is advisable to sit down and chat about what happened.

Try to keep it casual or your child may think they are getting in trouble and not be willing to talk about what happened. You may even have to reassure your child that they aren’t in trouble.

Ask them what happened earlier that day. You could try saying ‘ When I walked into your room today, I saw that you and your friend were having a look at each other’s private parts. What game were you playing?’

Try to work out if it was innocent (consensual, spontaneous, not happened before) and if your child was unbothered by it. They will usually let you know if you keep the tone of the conversation casual.

Let your child know that it is okay to be curious about their friend’s body parts and that you understand their curiosity, but that ‘Its not okay to touch anyone else’s private parts or let them touch yours’. Books are a great way to chat about this. Some great Australian books to start with are Everyone’s Got a Bottom by Tess Rowley or these 3 from Jayneen Sanders – My Body! What I Say Goes,  No Difference Between Us or No Means No!. You can also start talking about the gender differences that happen in your own household. Or buy a baby doll that is anatomically correct.

Next time your child has a friend over to play, try to keep a close eye on them by keeping bedroom doors open, encouraging them to play in the lounge room. Try to discreetly stay in the background and watch out for any sneaky behaviour.

What next?

‘Playing doctor’ is usually just a sign that your child is curious about the differences between people.  But there are better (and safer) ways to satisfy your child’s curiosity about these differences.

You can help to satisfy your child’s curiosity by teaching them the names of their private parts, by talking about the differences between boys and girls and by teaching them body safety ie how to be the boss of their own body, and the difference between public & private.

Books are a great way to start these conversations. You can find some fantastic books to help you prevent any more episodes of playing doctor.


  • Children’s Sexual Development and Behaviour – Pants Aren’t Rude by Pam Linke 2015.
  • From Diapers to Dating: A Parent’s Guide to Raising Sexually Healthy Children by Debra Hafner 2000.
  • Handbook of Child and Adolescent Sexuality; Developmental and Forensic Psychology edited by Bromberg & O’Donohue 2013.
  • Understanding Your Child’s Sexual behaviour: What’s Natural and Healthy by Toni Cavanagh Johnson 1999.
  • Where Do I Start? Supporting Healthy Sexual Development in Early Childhood by Family Planning QLD 2009.

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